Louise of France, their youngest daughter, was born in 1737. Madame Campan, heaven forbid, would have become obsolete. But that has never replaced money and connections…. 17 cm - A fork, length approx. Acceding to the throne in 1715, Louis XV came to be known as “le Bien-Aimé” (the Beloved). In this work, which you can admire to this day in the Queen’s Antechamber at Versailles, the princess, now aged 55, is represented displaying a triple medallion portrait of her late father, mother and brother, which she has just completed. Portrait of Louis XV / Château de Versailles, All portraits by by Jean-Marc Nattier unless otherwise stated. D 14.5 in. From the Emperor’s Desk: Louis XV of France, like many monarchs, has many mistresses. Period Louis XV Child's Fauteuil. She [Louise] continued to solicit favors, as I knew from the complaints of the Queen, who often said to me, “Here is another letter from my Aunt Louise. Louis initially supported attempts by his ministers Jacques Turgot and later Jacques Necker to relieve France's financial problems. Louis XVI (1754 – 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, although his formal title after 1791 was King of the French. Louis XV had been very impatient to marry her, was reportedly flattered to have a twenty two-year old wife at his age, and refused to allow any criticism of her appearance. She gathers them in the private apartments allocated to her within the Palace of Versailles (the Petit Trianon is then reserved for Madame de Pompadour’s use.) At first I had planned to limit this series on the daughters of Louis XV and Marie Leszczynska to those who had reached adulthood. Louise Élisabeth and Henriette de France by Pierre Gobert, 1737, Portrait of Louise Élisabeth of France by Louis-Michel van Loo, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), The French Revolution: ‘The King Must Die so that the Country Can Live’, A History of Petty Presidential Transitions, Sore Losers: The Duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr, ‘Nouveau Hercules’: Colossus of the French Revolution, England’s Glorious Revolution: Cavendish and the Dukes, The Impact of Getting Injured on Your Everyday Life. Two years after her marriage, she gives birth to twin girls. The couple had 10 children together—only seven of which lived to adulthood. She was born on August 14, 1727, minutes after Madame Elisabeth. After Marie-Antoinette belatedly acquired much influence over Louis XVI, who then detached himself from his aunts, Madame Adélaïde left Versailles with her younger sisters. prescribed a course of reading for herself. Louis XV returns to Versailles abandoned 7 years earlier. Today I’ll feature Marie-Louise O'Murphy, mistress of King Louis XV. In fact, it is so popular that a lot of parents get a Louis children’s arm chair when furnishing… The following year another daughter was born. To conclude this post, I chose a family portrait painted in Parma (below.) She remained quietly in Versailles in the company of her elder sisters, Mesdames Adélaïde, Victoire and Sophie. The royal daughters were brought up in the Court or in a convent, formed a tight-knit group along with the Dauphin, and were not afraid to stand up to their father's mistresses. As soon as it became known that the baby was a girl, all of the celebrations that had been planned in anticipation of the birth of a Dauphin were canceled, except for a mass in at the Royal Chapel of the Palace. Later on they were all reunited in the Palace, where they kept a close eye on the King's various mistresses. Yet she was 42 at the time of the Périn-Salbreux portrait. This causes tensions with her siblings, who hate the favorite, but Madame Elisabeth puts ambition ahead of personal preferences. H 27 in. She is certainly the most scheming little Carmelite in the kingdom.”. This is where we meet again the ubiquitous Madame Campan, who was precisely reader to the royal daughters. Madame Adélaïde was very close to her brother, the Dauphin Louis-Ferdinand, and with him was the head of the Parti Dévot (the “Devout Party”) at Court, strongly opposed to Madame the Pompadour ant the alliance with Austria which the latter promoted. Madame Campan, who joined the Court fifteen years later as a reader to Henriette’s surviving sisters, notes in her Memoirs that the memory of the late princess was still very much alive at Versailles decades after her death. Louis XV died of smallpox as a defeated and unpopular king. Her lovely portrait by Lié-Louis Périn-Salbreux (below) was long mistaken for a likeness of Marie-Antoinette. I included birth and death dates. By the time of the Revolution, the only surviving children of Louis XV were Mesdames Adélaïde and Victoire. Given the well-researched detail of Parisian life in the 1760's, I wanted to see if Parot had gotten Louis right as well. I must say the idea of Madame Campan as a Carmelite strikes me as rather odd… Madame Louise took her final vows one year later, in 1771, under the name of Sister Thérèse de Saint-Augustin. The bride is only twelve, and she is heartbroken when she must leave Versailles and her beloved twin, Madame Henriette. • Louise Élisabeth (14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759), Duchess of Parma, had issue Madame Fourth (Adelaide) who had been born the previous year now became Madame Third. There Madame Adélaïde reigned over what was called “the Old Court,” composed of those who mourned the passing of the former reign, and did not welcome the new one. Maybe indeed Madame Henriette would have prevented the emergence, much to the discredit of the monarchy, of that new favorite. Stanislas Leszczynski, an intellectual, kindly man, had limited ambitions for his daughter. He takes a first mistress, then a second, then many more. She paints in watercolors and is passionately fond of music, all tastes she transmits to her daughters. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. By the time of the Revolution, the only surviving children of Louis XV were Mesdames Adélaïde and Victoire. Louis-Ferdinand, the eagerly awaited Dauphin, would be the father of the future Louis XVI. Yet she found solace in what was left to her: good food, of which she was very fond, the downy comfort of her favorite easy chair, and mostly the company of her remaining sisters Adélaïde and Sophie. Within ten years the royal couple, Louis XV and his wife Marie Leszczyńska, had ten children: eight daughters, the Dauphin (heir), and a second son, who died of measles. Together they moved from town to town, fleeing the advance of the French troops. The king’s first true love was Mazarin’s niece, … Few monarchs have ruled for longer. Yet on occasion this princess, so unsociable, suddenly became affable, gracious and showed the most communicative kindness; it was during thunderstorms: she was afraid of them, and such was her fright that she would then approach the least important persons; whenever she saw lightning, she would press their hands, for a thunderclap she would have embraced them; but once fair weather was back, the princess went back to her stiffness, her silence, her fierce look, passed everyone without paying attention to anyone, until the next thunderstorm brought back her fear and affability. It was an ancient and prestigious institution, the “Queen of the Abbeys,” founded by the Plantagenêts in the heart of the Loire Valley, before they became Kings of England. Marie Leszczynska also finds comfort in artistic pursuits. The children's cutlery set consists of: - Spoon, length approx. Within ten years the royal couple, Louis XV and his wife Marie Leszczyńska, had ten children: eight daughters, the Dauphin (heir), and a second son, who died of measles. Next he is seen lying on a bed to crying about his mother. Louis XV died of smallpox as a defeated and unpopular king. To alleviate her fever, he bled her four times in a row. I was informed of her death by Louis XVI. She found solace in her music and took lessons from Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Forqueray, the leading cellist of the time. Born: February 15, 1710 in the Palace of Versailles, France. Louise Élisabeth of France (14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759) married Philip, Duke of Parma and had issue. The daughters of Louis XV all bore the honorific title of 'Madame'. After her death, no one, least of all himself, would think of another throne for hapless Philippe de Bourbon. Marie-Louise, known simply as Madame Louise, or Madame Troisième (“Madame the Third”) was born in Versailles on July 28, 1728, less than one year after her twin sisters, Mesdames Elisabeth and Henriette. Louis XV is delighted to see his dear Babette again, and the young woman is in no hurry to leave for her new Duchy of Parma. Imagine if every princess had shown similar insolence! From then on they were inseparable. A few portraits, including this beautiful work by Nattier (below) and very little else. When Louise returned to Versailles at last, she immediately realized the deficiencies of her education and set out on a thorough, one could almost say a passionate course of reading, in particular on history. Wood. I hope I am not being too arcane here, but I believe it is helpful to put things into context, since another Orléans, the grandson of Madame Henriette’s rejected suitor, would indeed become King of the French under the name of Louis-Philippe I in 1830. She dies at the age of 32 in her beloved Versailles. She only appeared in public when required by the étiquette. After ten months in Versailles, she must, if only for the sake of appearances, leave to join her husband in Parma. She was buried in the crypt of the Abbey, among the Plantegenêts. This was a family of strong women. All but two of the daughters died before the Revolution began. Finally the long awaited son and heir was born the following year. Henriette was as reserved as Elisabeth was assertive and outgoing. Young Louis-Philippe too was in love with Henriette, and asked for her hand. At least Marie is no longer faulted for being barren, but at age 34, after ten children and nine pregnancies, she has lost her youthful looks. Funeral monument of Alénor d’Aquitaine at Fontevraud / Wikimedia Commons. Queen Marie’s death at the age of 65 is a disaster for the monarchy. In 1800, Madame Adélaïde died in Trieste, shortly after her younger sister. This is, in my opinion, most unfair. The plan of King Louis XVIII worked just for part; his younger brother succeeded him as King Charles X and Louis-Antoine and Marie Thérèse became Dauphin and Dauphine of France. So Louis XV’s Prime Minister, Cardinal de Fleury, chose to send Madame Victoire, then only five, and her younger sisters to the Royal Abbey of Fontevraud.It was an ancient and prestigious institution, the “Queen of the Abbeys,” founded by the Plantagenêts in the heart of … It was thanks to the flooring of the room that the identification was confirmed. Louis XV liked to give his daughters humorous nicknames. When the portrait was brought back to Marie Leszczynska, the poor Queen, who had last seen her daughter as an infant, exclaimed that she had “a singular face: touching, sweet and witty.” The future would prove Marie Leszczynska quite right. The infant's grandfather, father, mother, and elder brother had all died earlier, leaving him under the regency of his cousin, the Duc d'Orléans. Whether it’s a genuine design or a contemporary edition, a Louis XVI style chair will always be one of the most recognizable furniture pieces as well as an epitome of timeless style. Of all of Louis XV’s grandchildren, he was the closest to the King, who would exchange with him a sustained and most interesting correspondence. Located in Brentwood, TN. Marie-Louise and Philippe both died in childhood, an all too commonplace tragedy at the time. Victoire died in Trieste of breast cancer. I enjoy Jean-Francois Parot's historical novels about the French detective Nicolas Le Floch; Louis XV is a minor but significant character in them. After the death of her mother, Queen Marie Leszczynska, and her elder sisters, Madame Adélaïde had become the highest-ranking female in Versailles, a position she lost with the marriage of her nephew and Marie-Antoinette. less. D 14.5 in. She was only eleven months old when, with her elder sisters Victoire, Sophie and Thérèse, she left Versailles for the faraway the Abbey of Fontevraud. She achieved it! The design, with gracefully curving lines and finely carved decorations creates an elegant set of upholstered children’s furniture. This beautiful portrait by Nattier was painted one year before she left the Abbey. This princess was so shy that it was possible to see her everyday for years without hearing her pronounce a single word. Elisabeth finds the Spanish Court dull after Versailles, and she is too ambitious to be satisfied with her position as wife of the King’s younger son. Children. After the death of Madame Henriette in 1752, Madame Adélaïde could no longer bear to live in the South Wing where her sister had passed away. She had matured quite gracefully. Then a reader mentioned privately that she hoped I would include the little princesses who had died as children. The Spanish royal family, as direct descendants of Louis XIV, considered then (and their descendants still do to this day) their claims to the throne of France superior to those of the Orléans, who were more descended from Louis XIV’s younger brother. Next he discusses with an adviser Marsal about his fate and if … Through our new partnership with the French American Cultural Foundation, American citizens can easily support the Palace of Versailles. Out of seven children, he was the second son of Louis, the Dauphin of France, and thus the grandson of Louis XV … Louis XV and Marie wed in 1725, when Louis XV was only 15 years old. The queen gave birth to 8 daughters and 2 sons between 1727 and1737, but only 7 children lived till adulthood. Once in Spain, Elisabeth is not unhappy with her husband, a kind and self-effacing man, but she does not get along with her mother-in-law, Queen Isabella Farnese, another strong personality. Louis de Narbonne was simply the much-pampered son of Madame Adélaïde’s favorite lady-in-waiting. A pity, for she has received an excellent education, and speaks five languages with perfect fluency. She added that moralists were right when they said happiness does not dwell in palaces; that she had proved it; and that, if I wanted to be happy, she advised me to come and enjoy a retreat in which the liveliest imagination might find full exercise in the contemplation of a better world. A second ordeal came when Henriette fell in love with her second cousin, Louis-Philippe, Duc de Chartres, future head of the Orléans branch of the royal family. But her dowry was so meager as to be considered nonexistent, and no candidates of suitable rank were in sight for Marie. Louise Élisabeth of France (14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759) married Philip, Duke of Parma and had issue. Madame Adélaïde died in Trieste in 1800, shortly after the death of her younger sister (1799). The app includes the audioguide tour of the Palace and an interactive map of the Estate. Her aspirations were lofty; she loved everything sublime; often while I was reading she would interrupt me to exclaim: “This is beautiful! The Duc de Chartres married one of the descendants of Louis XIV and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. Like his elder sister, he would marry one of Marie-Antoinette’s siblings, Archduchess Maria Amelia. Revise your French history with help from the artworks of the Palace of Versailles! Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Well beloved (Louis le bien aimé) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death.He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Let us take a critical look at her account. Her affection for that instrument was memorialized by Nattier. A splendid pair of Louis XV style walnut twin beds with cane backs. She was lost – no doubt voluntarily – in the shadow of her sisters. See how he is dressed in a suit of bleu de France (“French blue”) embroidered with the fleur-de-lys of the French monarchy. Madame Campan, in her Memoirs, harshly criticizes this decision to send the four little princesses, “as mere boarders, to a convent eighty leagues from the Court,” to be raised by “provincial nuns”. The great memoirist describes Louise as “deformed and very short.” Madame Campan somewhat forces the trait, but it is true that Louise suffered from scoliosis, and she deliberately emphasized the problem. Molded seat, carved decoration of flowers at the top as the seat and acanthus leaves in staples. She greets her rival with all the appearances of friendliness, and seeks refuge in a small group of friends, picked for their religious leanings and intellectual affinities with her. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. Elisabeth hopes to obtain from the Empress the appointment of her husband as Governor of the Austrian Netherlands. Louis XV of France (1710-1774) Louis XV of France known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774. From the Emperor’s Desk: Louis XV of France, like many monarchs, has many mistresses. My voice frequently betrayed the exhaustion of my lungs; the Princess would then prepare sugared water for me, place it by me, and apologize for making me read so long, on the score of having Our logo, banner, and trademark are registered and fully copyright protected (not subject to Creative Commons). In a nutshell, Madame Sophie is less known that the parquet of her library. She passed away unnoticed, as she had lived, attended to the last by her two remaining sisters, Adélaïde and Victoire. “People said I could not have children,” he went around repeating, “and see, I made two!”. The Royal Abbey of Our Lady of Fontevraud, Anjou, France / Wikimedia Commons. Those who knew her as a young woman are content to say that she had “an air of beauty” and that her profile much resembled that of the King her father, renowned for his good looks. These images may have been somewhat flattered, but not to such an extent. Cane is tight and in very good condition. 3 children: 18 February 1712 aged 29 Louis, Duke of Brittany 1712: 8 January 1707 son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy: never married: 8 March 1712 aged 5 Louis XV of France 1712–1774: 15 February 1710 Palace of Versailles son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy: Maria Leszczyńska 4 September 1725 10 children: 10 May 1774 Louis XIV, the Palace of Versailles, absolute monarchy… Why don’t we take a closer look at the emergence of the nation state in early modern France? One son, Dauphin Louis, survived to continue the lineage. — was just 14. Mid-18th Century French Antique Louis XV Children's Furniture. W 18 in. But Fontevraud, beautiful as it was – and still is – was no teaching establishment. Rather pretty, I would say. Today, and in the future, I will feature the lives of various mistresses to Europe’s monarchs. According to Madame Campan, Madame Sophie would have been “unusually ugly.” Strange, because she doesn’t look so at all on her portraits. He would become a diplomat and general during the Revolution and the Empire, and also one of Madame de Staël’s many lovers, but that’s another story. Yet she lacked the domineering personality of Adélaïde, she did not relate easily to others as Victoire did so well. At Versailles she confined herself to the company of her sisters and shared their pleasures and concerns. Louis XIV King of France and Navarre In Power May 14, 1643 – Sept. 1, 1715 Born Sept. 5, 1638 Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France Died Sept. 1, 1715 (at age 76) Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France Nationality French Religion Catholicism Louis XIV rose to power when he was only five years old. View Full Details. Mid-18th Century French Antique Louis XV Children's Furniture. Louise Élisabeth of France (14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759) married Philip, Duke of Parma and had issue. Indeed it was often true at the time: as a rule a princess, once married abroad, never set foot again in her native country. “Madame Victoire,” continues Madame Campan, “attributed the terror attacks she had never been able to overcome to the violent fears she felt at the Abbey of Fontevraud, every time she was sent, as a punishment, to pray alone in the nuns’ burial crypt. The French nobleman was just 15, while Marie Antoinette — one of the youngest daughters of Austrian Empress Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. From then on they were inseparable. Elisabeth, alone, hastens to Versailles to make sure her father intervenes to secure the Duchy for her husband. Occupation: King of France. But, as she shall see, Madame Elisabeth will never allow herself to be bound by rules applicable to ordinary princesses. Louis XIV’s first official mistress, Louise de La Vallière, lived at Court from 1661 to 1674. Its members had no place in the heady world of Marie-Antoinette, who wondered aloud how anyone over the age of 30 dared show one’s face at Versailles. Louis XV and Marie Leszczynska had ten children. She moved into the central wing of the Palace close to Louis XV, much to the displeasure of Madame de Pompadour. During these difficult times, the Palace needs your support more than ever. The following year, she is distraught when she receives the news of her sister Henriette’s death from smallpox. and yet the delirium of my good aunt recalled to her recollection that she was a princess, for her last words were, ’To paradise, haste, haste, full speed.’ No doubt she thought she was again giving orders to her equerry. She comes back again to Versailles a few years later, in 1757, to better arrange an alliance with Empress Maria Theresa. In August 1727, Marie gave birth to her first children, twins named Louise Élisabeth and Anne Henriette, at the Palace of Versailles. Then came the Revolution. Shop Louis XV children's furniture at 1stDibs, the world's largest source of Louis XV and other authentic period furniture. There were eight princesses, not all of whom were raised at Versailles because their education was considered too expensive. What about literary portraits? She was joined in her new apartments by her sister, Madame Victoire, and both princesses remained in these lodgings until the Revolution. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. She once retorts, when told that she doesn’t dress smartly enough: “I do not need gowns when the poor have no shirts.” We are very far from the “Let them eat cake” (falsely) attributed to Marie-Antoinette. The next royal daughter to survive to adulthood was Marie-Adélaïde, born in 1732, five years after her elder twin sisters. She invites the famous castrate Farinelli to France to give her singing lessons. In order to improve the chances of a Bourbon succession, Louis gave up his (and his eldest son's) rights in favour of his second son, Philip, Duke of Anjou (later Philip V of Spain ), who, as second son, was not expected to succeed to the French throne, thus keeping France and Spain separate. In 1789, under the pressure of the Revolution, those two left Versailles for the Château de Bellevue, the former residence of Madame de Pompadour, given to her by their father in 1774. This in itself must have caused severe dehydration, which was aggravated by the emetic she was given. He was succeeded by his grandson, Louis XVI, who was later guillotined during the French Revolution. She bore the king four children, two of whom survived and were legitimised: Marie-Anne de Bourbon, known as Mademoiselle de Blois, and Louis, Count of Vermandois. Years later, she will indeed become Queen, though of Portugal instead of France. Legacy During his lifetime, Louis XIV built an empire, reconstructing the government of France and transforming the country into the dominant European power. Madame Louise, however, was utterly immune to the romantic appeal of Bonnie Prince Charlie. She did not hesitate to use her connection with the royal family to help those she deemed deserving. Madame Adélaïde’s beauty did not go unnoticed, and rumor accused her of an incestuous liaison with Louis XV, her own father, by whom she was supposed to have given birth to the Comte Louis de Narbonne. Thérèse-Félicité was born in Versailles on the 16th of May 1736, the ninth of the royal children. Allowing Madame Henriette to marry the future head of the Orléans line would thus have reinforced that branch’s claims to the throne in case the King died without a male heir, since Salic law prevented women from inheriting the French crown. 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